The Institute for the Investigation of Communist Crimes and the Memory of the Romanian Exile, together with the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, and in collaboration with the Faculty of Political Science (University of Bucharest) invite you to the international conference Transitional Criminal Justice in Post-Dictatorial Societies – 29-30 October 2010, IICCMER, Strada Alecu Russo nr. 13-19, Bucharest. Scholars are invited to reflect upon the manner in which criminal prosecutions came to be assessed as types of reaction against massive human rights violations, within the variety of transitions and transitional justice approaches. The genealogy of transitional justice indicates that in the last three decades, the number of trials against former leaders of non-democratic regimes increased, whereas amnesties and impunity have been systematically challenged by the necessity of prosecuting human rights abuses. The present conference aims at dealing with country-cases as well as with systematic, theoretical, and empirical approaches to criminal prosecutions and their effectiveness as transitional justice instruments. We invite theoretical, practical, and policy oriented papers examining the manner in which different countries have used criminal justice as a response to human rights abuses in non-democratic societies.