The aim of the journal is to contribute to the study of totalitarian ideologies and regimes in Europe in the 20th century, especially based on primary archival and oral sources, on content analysis of the discourse of the totalitarian regimes, but also on new theoretical framework coming from such subfields of history as intellectual history, the history of ideas as well as political science, sociology and anthropology. The term totalitarian is understood here in a broader sense and refers to such political ideologies and regimes like Communism and Fascism (of which Nazism was one of the versions) that tried to impose a total control on society, including on private life. From this perspective it is less important that all these tentative to control all aspects of societal and individual life failed, it is more important the extent to which these regimes succeeded in their endeavours. Totalitarian covers also other regimes that practiced repressions and justified the use of violence at mass and individual level for political purposes (Gulag and Holocaust). It is particular interesting to differentiate the discourse and practices of the totalitarian regimes and democratic ones. The two types of regimes should be seen however not as essences, but rather as Weberian ideal-types. In other words, as Giovanni Sartori expressed it aptly, there are no pure democratic regimes and pure authoritarian/totalitarian regimes; there are regimes with democratic tendencies and regimes with authoritarian/totalitarian tendencies. In this sense, the articles and book reviews on topics related to the challenges from totalitarian and authoritarian regimes to democracy are also welcome.
Last, but not least, Dystopia will pay a special attention also to commonalities and differences between various national versions of Communism and Fascism, relations between Communist states, between Fascist regimes and between the former and the latter.